Birth - 3 Months

  • Turns head, lifts chin and by 3 months lifts head
  • Large motor movements of arms and legs
  • Stares at bright objects and follows them with eyes
  • Prefers to gaze at patterns rather than at plain surfaces
  • Turns head towards source of sound
  • Smiles at faces and at objects that resemble faces

3 - 6 Months

  • Discovers feet and hands; fascinated by them
  • Grasps objects
  • Rolls on to their backs
  • Begins to sit with support
  • Vision fixates on small objects
  • Responds to high-pitched sounds and begins to make own babble sounds
  • Recognizes consistent caretakers

6 - 9 Months

  • Rolls over back and front with ease
  • Sits unaided for brief periods of time
  • Recognizes familiar people and likes attention
  • Reaches for objects with both hands
  • Plays with sounds and responds to noises and to speech

9 - 12 Months

  • Picks up objects with thumb and forefinger
  • May begin to creep, to crawl; tries to kneel and to stand
  • Seeks to understand cause of actions and consequences of such actions
  • Plays “peek-a-boo”; begins to understand object permanency (out of sight is not out of mind)

12 Months & up

  • Begins to stand, to climb onto furniture and onto stairs
  • Favours use of one hand; tries to feed self
  • Understands words in context; may use one or two words; responds to own name
  • Imitates actions of others; uses gestures to convey language
  • Enjoys picture books; plays more with simple toys
  • Engages in simple make-believe, imitative play
  • Fine motor skills developing
  • Becoming more aware of and curious about the world around them